How to grow & harvest pepper plant [Complete Guide]

grow and harvest peppers

Hello everybody! In this article, we’re gonna see how to grow peppers. We will go over the growing techniques, how to fertilize them, how to take care of your pepper plant and we will also see a lot of varieties of peppers that you can grow. So sit back and enjoy it!

There are a lot of pepper varieties that you can grow in your garden. Here are some of those:

  1. Green bell pepper
  2. Banana pepper
  3. Yellow bell pepper
  4. Fiesta purple pepper
  5. Red bell pepper
  6. Ancho poblano pepper
  7. Jalapeno pepper
  8. Cayenne pepper
  9. Hot Indian pepper
  10. Hot Thai pepper

So those are the most common pepper varieties that you will usually grow…so let’s get started!

Grow peppers in containers

Peppers can be planted in the ground or in containers, they do great in both. If you’re planting in the ground, you need to start your seeds indoors six weeks before the last frost. In this article, we will take a look at planting peppers in containers.

Planting Big Bertha (Green Bell pepper)

Planting Big Bertha (Green Bell pepper)

We will be planting a green bell pepper variety. The name of the pepper is “Big Bertha”.

So for a single pepper plant, you need a container about 16 inches or so. Gently remove the plant From the provided peat pot And then what do you wanna do is just Stimulate the roots a little bit. It will cause it to grow really well.

Make sure you compact and remove the air around the plant. And once that’s done, all we need to do is put some mulch. I’m using a guava leaf mulch here. You could use any mulch that you want. I just have a lot of guava leaves lying in my backyard, and they make pretty good mulch!

Pepper plants need to be staked. Now I’m just using a regular stake that’s found in most of the garden stores. If you are in a very windy area you need to secure these stakes by a couple of more stakes.

Start the irrigation for your container and make sure it works. If you haven’t switched to drip irrigation yet. Well, maybe it’s the time! It’s a very efficient way of watering your plants.

Planting Ancho Poblano pepper (Pasilla peppers)

Now we’re going to plant another pepper plant, this time in a whiskey barrel and because the whiskey barrel is so big it can easily accommodate two pepper plants. And we’re going to plant my favorite pepper plant The “Ancho Poblano”.

Planting Ancho Poblano pepper (Pasilla peppers)

The technique of planting these plants is the same. For a peat pot that this plant comes in, the instruction says to plant the pot directly. However, I think it’s best if you remove the peat covering and stimulate the roots a little bit.

I have always found that if you stimulate the roots before planting your plants are gonna do really well.

So what I’m doing is gently removing the peat pot from the bottom freeing up those roots And then what I’m gonna do is push upwards so that the plant comes right out of the peat pot, just loosen up the roots from all sides.

This plant is ready! And do the same thing with the other plant. One reason I like growing in whiskey barrels is that it lets you plant two or even three of these medium-sized pepper plants in one barrel.

So let’s plant the other two pepper plants making sure that we compact the soil around the plants. Just like that make sure that the roots of the plants are well buried in the soil and then compact around the roots of the plant.

Now it’s time to stake them! So another way to stake pepper plants is by using Long garden stakes And then tie the pepper plants as they grow. So those stakes look good and as the pepper plant grows you can add more stakes if you want to.

The mulching process to grow great pepper plant

Mulching pepper plant

So mulching is another important part of planting your pepper plants. The mulch will eventually decompose and give valuable nutrition to your pepper plants. This time again I’m using the Guava leaf mulch.

Once a plant has been planted I’m gonna put the drip irrigation sticks back.

And now it’s time for the first watering! The first watering of a newly planted plant is very critical and I’m going to show you exactly what you need to do to make sure you give it adequate nutrition.

I have some seaweed extract here. I’m gonna shake it up and put two tablespoons in this watering can. Seaweed has a lot of minerals that your plans will love, and I’m also gonna take some Fish Fertilizer.

I am using a hydrolyzed Fish Fertilizer. It’s of much better quality than the regular Fish Fertilizer and I’m gonna add two cap fulls of the Fish Fertilizer to this mix. All you need to do now is Fill this watering can with water.

And what this plant starting mix will do is it will invigorate your plant. It’ll make sure it has all the nutrients that it needs to get to a nice start. Fish and Seaweed are very very useful fertilizers. They contain nutrients that all the plants need.

You’ll be amazed at what a difference the seaweed and fish make once you start using them. Especially with blooms, I think fish fertilizer works really well for blooms. So make sure that you’re giving your plants a lot of fish fertilizer during the blooming season. And that works well for all plants – for peppers, tomatoes almost any plant that you can imagine.

Now make sure you water the plants really well, drenching them completely. You want to drench the leaves and the root area and do this at least two times.

Fertilizing and Watering Pepper plant

Fertilizing and Watering Pepper plant

Pepper plants need to be watered on a regular basis. So the drip irrigation system works very well for pepper plants in containers.

As far as fertilizing goes, pepper plants need to be fertilized every three weeks. And use a tomato or pepper fertilizer because they contain calcium and also promote blooms which are essential for peppers.

Peppers love Epsom salt. Put two tablespoons of Epsom Salt in a gallon of water and give the pepper plants a nice bath they will love it!

Protecting Pepper plant from Diseases and Pests

Protecting Pepper plant from Diseases and Pests

So let’s talk about the diseases and pests that affect pepper plants. Now I’m not gonna talk about all the diseases and pests, you could just search the web for that. But I will go over the common ones.

Worms like Tomato Hornworms and Cutworms are enemies of the pepper plant. To get rid of them just use Neem Oil.

Now blossom end rot is another problem that affects pepper plants. To see how to get rid of blossom end rot please click this link. which illustrates how to tackle blossom end rot.

Harvesting Peppers

Now for the fun part! The hard work is done so let’s see how we can harvest different varieties of Peppers.

Harvesting Peppers

Purple Fiesta peppers are nice to grow. They look great, they taste great that purple color adds some really nice color to your dishes. They give an abundant harvest. So I highly recommend growing these Purple Fiesta papers. You’ll be pleasantly surprised at how good they are.

Yellow peppers are healthy delicious and very easy to grow in containers. When peppers form, they are green in color but they eventually change their color to yellow And that’s when you know they’re ready for harvest.

If they are partially yellow, don’t worry They were turning yellow completely once you harvest and keep them at room temperature.

Now if you have an appetite for very hot pepper Try to grow the Thai pepper variety. Make no mistake – this pepper is Hot! It’s really Hot! And especially if you’re making some dishes like Indian dishes or Thai dishes these peppers will add really good flavor to your food.

One good thing about the Thai pepper plant is that Once you grow it, you can keep growing it year after year it’s more like a perennial and this plant has been growing for two years now. All I do is every year change the container, Loosen the roots, and plant it back. And it seems to do very well!

Banana peppers are usually not very Hot, but they have a very unique taste and that’s what makes them so nice! And Banana peppers are of two types – one is slightly larger variety and the other Banana peppers are slightly smaller.

And now let’s harvest Poblano peppers. In my opinion Poblano peppers have the best combination of heat and taste. I just find it quite amazing. They taste really good, no matter how you cook them. You can stir fry them, you can fill them with all sorts of things and grill them they taste really good!

Thank you very much! I hope you like the tips and I hope you also like the harvest part and learn something from it and I’m sure that after reading this article you’ll be eager to try out all the different pepper varieties that we have.

If you liked this article please do share and be sure to leave your comments. Do share your experiences with growing pepper in your garden and that’s all we have in this pepper article. Happy Gardening!

I am Fenil Kalal. Professionally I have done Engineering in Information and Technology. Gardening is my passion/love/favorite hobby and I have 5+ years of experience in Gardening.

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