How To Grow Arugula Indoors [Step by Step Guide]

How To Grow Arugula Indoors

Growing Arugula Indoors Is Easy! This peppery salad green, also known as Rocket, is a really quick grower and can be cut and harvested many times, making it one of the most bountiful as well! Arugula’s growing needs are very simple and once you grow a few crops of arugula indoors, you’ll wonder why you didn’t grow it sooner!

In this article, I will show you all the steps to grow epic Arugula crops indoors starting with pot and containers, soil and fertilizers, seeding, watering, maintenance, as well as harvest. If you love the taste and you’re fed up with grocery store prices and availability, simply grow your own, indoors, in any climate, any time of the year!

Let’s go through the steps that I do to grow the fastest, tastiest most lush indoor arugula imaginable.

Pot and Containers selection to grow Arugula indoors

Pot and Containers selection to grow Arugula indoors

Growing arugula indoors all starts with the soil and the container. Arugula doesn’t have a massive root system. So any container four inches tall in any size that you prefer is gonna do just fine.

You can use any pre-made plastic, ceramic, or clay pot, heck you can even use Tupperware. But for this planting guide, I’m going to make my own mini arugula planter using just a four-foot cedar board.

Whatever container you use, just ensure that it can drain water. Wet soggy roots go anaerobic quite quickly and in no time flat that could spell death for most herbs including arugula.

The planter that I’m making is going to be a little bit on the tall side but that’s because I want to fit more soil into it. I want to fit more soil into it so I can enable my arugula to have multiple harvests, more on that later but in case you’re wondering that’s why this herb planter is sized like it is.

Soil and Fertilizers requirement to grow Arugula indoors

Soil and Fertilizers requirement to grow Arugula indoors

For soil let it be known that arugula isn’t very picky at all. Most rich compost-based neutral ph indoor potting mixes are gonna do just fine. I’ve really been having a run of bad luck lately with store-bought soils and pests such as fungus gnats. So I’m going to make my own soil mix to grow Arugula indoors.

I start with a 50 50 mix of my own compost and coconut fiber. On its own, this would easily be enough for a great crop of arugula. But let’s take it a step further with some amendments such as alfalfa meal, canola meal, rock dust, rock phosphate, and even Epsom salts.

You don’t need these things to grow a fantastic indoor arugula crop but once you supercharge your soil like this and see the results it’s hard not to.

These amendments are most certainly not expensive and the quantity that I’m using here should only cost you about a dollar or less per batch of soil.

For me, the total volume of all the amendments combined in equal amounts comes to less than 10% of my total soil mixture. Mix it thoroughly and you’ve just made a potting mix that is 10 times better than anything you could buy.

Planting the arugula seeds

Planting the arugula seeds

I like to line the bottom of all my pots and containers with brown recycled paper. This will allow the water to escape the planter but not the soil, kind of like a coffee filter.

Planting arugula is quite simple. Fill up your potter container of choice all the way to the top then compress it down about an inch.

This creates a nice level landing pad perfect for planting arugula seeds.

Seeding density varies on your planting purpose. As arugula can be grown as either a microgreen or a full-blown salad green.

In this article, we will be growing our arugula all the way, so our seeding density is about two to three seeds per square inch.

If you’re going for microgreens, density: up to 21 seeds per square inch, so around 10 times the density.

Once you’re happy with the seeding cover them back up with no more than half an inch of that same potting mix.

Temperature requirement to grow Arugula indoors

Temperature requirement to grow Arugula indoors

Arugula grows great in cold weather, however, like most seeds, its optimal germination temperature is actually higher than its optimal growing temperature.

Aim for a range between 15 and 20 degrees celsius to really hit that max germination rate. Indoors, this really shouldn’t be a problem as that’s around room temperature.

However, the warmer temperatures coupled with the shallow planting depth cause one immediate problem: the drying out of the top layer of soil.

This is obviously no good for germination, but fortunately, there’s a simple solution and I’m always about the simple solutions. I grab a single sheet of paper towel and fold it to the size of the width of my pot. I place it right on top and thoroughly wet it down.

This will not only keep the moisture locked into that top layer of soil but it’s also going to allow us to water in the future.

We can now top water without worry of blasting that soil everywhere.

three to five days arugula will sprout up

Within three to five days arugula will sprout up with vigor.

On day five the seeds have not only sprouted but they’ve also pushed up that paper towel protector over an inch. Amazing! At this time remove that paper towel and allow those shoots to grow.

Arugula doesn’t need a crazy light setup to grow properly but is most certainly not going to say no to a nice sunny windowsill.

Watering tips to grow Arugula indoors

Watering tips to grow Arugula indoors

You may need to water at room temperature once every other week, but don’t overdo it. No sense washing out all those lovely nutrients that we put into our soil.

Within three weeks since germination, four weeks since planting, we can now look at harvesting our arugula.

Harvesting Arugula

Harvesting Arugula

There are three ways to harvest this perennial green.

You can simply pull up all the shoots and cut right where the green meets the white, once you do that the crop’s over and you’re gonna have to start again, but where’s the fun in that.

Early on such as right now you can harvest a second way and that’s to selectively cut the largest shoots with a max of a few leaves per plant. Leave the rest of the plants to grow. Later in the life cycle, you can actually cut up to 1/3 of the whole top of the plant off in a mass harvest.

Amazingly the arugula crop is going to grow back for the second and third harvest, no problem, even indoors, even in small containers.


Growing arugula indoors is one of the more rewarding gardening endeavors that we can do. It really is super easy and it’s a fun project to do with kids because it grows so fast and not only that anytime you can grow something like this right at home you become a little bit more self-sufficient and that’s a good thing.

Hey if you’ve got any more tips to grow Arugula indoors that you didn’t see in this article here today please share in the comments down below.

Thanks for reading guys! If you’re getting value in this please share it with your friends and family. Happy gardening!

I am Fenil Kalal. Professionally I have done Engineering in Information and Technology. Gardening is my passion/love/favorite hobby and I have 5+ years of experience in Gardening.

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